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PRESIDENTIAL ADDRESS
Year : 2021  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-86

Newer addictions in children and adolescents


Department of Child Psychiatry, Niloufer Hospital, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Rama Subba Reddy
Department of Child Psychiatry, Niloufer Hospital, Hyderabad, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjp.tjp_45_21

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New forms of digital/social media include Applications (Apps), Multiplayer Video Games, YouTube Videos, Or Video Blogs (Vlogs), WhatsApp, Twitter, Snapchat, Instagram, Telegram. Research evidence suggests that these newer media offer both benefits and risks to the health of children and teenagers. In a survey done on parents by family foundation in 2011, 52% of children 0–8 years of age had access to a mobile device (although only 38% had ever used once). By 2013, this access had increased to 75% between 0 and 8-year olds. In addiction cycle, there are three stages: Binge/intoxication, Withdrawal/negative affect, Preoccupation/anticipation. Majority of us spend much of our time online, especially now during the era of COVID-19 to stay connected to others and keep ourselves entertained during social distancing. As with most disorders, there is not always a clear cause of Internet addiction. However, there are likely multiple factors that contribute to the development of this disorder, some of which are rooted in nature and others that are rooted in nurture. Other newer addictions are pathological gambling, internet gaming disorder, online porn addiction, online shopping addiction, social networking addiction causes biological as well as psychological problems. Manage screen use, Meaningful screen use, Model healthy screen use, Monitor for problematic screen use at any age. To promote health and wellness in children and adolescents maintain adequate physical activity, healthy nutrition, good sleep hygiene, and a nurturing social environment.


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