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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 8  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 29-33

''Body image satisfaction and self-esteem among adult gym users and non-users'': A cross-sectional study


Department of Psychiatric Social Work, LGBRIMH, Tezpur, Assam, India

Correspondence Address:
Mrs. Mamata Rani Swain
Department of Psychiatric Social Work, LGBRIMH,Tezpur, Assam
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/tjp.tjp_30_21

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Background: Body image refers to how an individual perceives and it affects individual feelings about his or her body weight and shape. Usually, in general, populations have a notion that the gym users were more concerned about their physical appearance and dissatisfied with their weight, and also it is associated with self-esteem. Aims: The present study aimed to find out the difference in body image satisfaction and self-esteem among adult gym users and nongym users. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study. The sample consisted of 30 adult gym users and 30 adult nongym users. Adult gym users were selected purposively from the Center for Rehabilitation Sciences (wellness center), LGBRIMH, and the nongym users were from the LGBRIMH campus. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the sociodemographic profile of the respondent, the Body Shape Questionnaire (BSQ) was used to measure the concerns related to one's body image and a Self-Esteem Scale was used to assess the self-esteem. Results: BSQ score was higher for the nongym users, indicating a higher level of dissatisfaction with body image (M = 68.80, standard deviation [SD] = 33.94) as compared to gym users (M = 59.133, SD = 25.477), self-esteem was high among gym users (M = 0.21.333, SD = 5.254) as compared to nonusers (M = 16.90, SD = 5.695). Statistically no significant difference was found between the groups in BSQ and self-esteem. Conclusion: This study's findings revealed that the nongym users were scored higher in BSQ which indicated a higher level of dissatisfaction with body image and low self-esteem, whereas the gym user's score indicated a higher level of satisfaction with body image and a higher level of self-esteem. Although statistically no significant difference was found between the groups in BSQ and self-esteem. Appropriate psychosocial intervention can be provided to address body image dissatisfaction and other factors associated with it among the general population.


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